When Paul was imprisoned in Jerusalem, the Jews wanted to put him to death for what he preached but they couldn’t at that time because they were under Roman rule, although the Roman’s gave them some authority to exercise punishment for their Biblical laws, they only gave them freedom to a point, I can't say what that point was except that it did not include capitol punishment, so they needed to convince the Roman Authorities that a crime was committed against the Roman Empire in order to have Paul put to death. Prior to Judah's capture by the Babylonians, the Jewish Nation had complete authority and instructions from Jehovah to punish offenders of the Commandments and the Mosaic Laws, putting to death or lesser punishments, those who they proved guilty. The same was true with the execution of Christ. But the death of Jesus on the cross did much more, His death reversed the first sin of man (Adam’s sin), putting an end to the Sacrificial Laws, which were a shadow of Christ’s perfect sacrifice to come, consequently after the cross, no further shedding of blood was needed for the wages of confessed and repented sins. The cross did not affect the moral laws of sin and a New Covenant was given by God, Jehovah, “But if you are led by the Spirit, you are not under the law.” (Galatians 5:18), "This is the covenant which I will covenant to them after theses days, says the Lord: Giving my laws on their heart and I will write them on their minds.” (Hebrews 10:16). God's instructions were to be our desire, not forgotten or done away with but our way of living since this will be our way of living in the new earth of God's kingdom.
When the written laws were first given, it was to list that described what each sin was because there was confusion after 400 years under Egyptian rule and they lost sight of the laws of God. After their exodus and while in the wilderness, the moral laws were first spoken by Jehovah, then written on stone by God Himself, and Moses wrote down the Mosaic laws, given to him by God. Accompanying these laws was a responsibility to pass judgment and carry out a sentence for the transgression of the laws (sins) that were exposed, hence the Israelites were “under the law” (the law was over them). Since the entrance of the New Covenant, given to us by the Spirit of God, a new system was established, it was no longer the responsibility of the people to police, judge and execute a sentence of punishment. From then on, God would execute judgment, either at the end of time or in some cases, when God determines a need. This is a far better system because no one can escape judgment from God, where this was possible from the rule of men. The added beauty of this new system is that Jesus, our King, can also pardon us, where the Jewish rulers or man didn’t have such authority. An example of this change was when a woman was caught in the act of adultery and brought to Jesus to test Him, "they said to Him, Teacher, this women was taken in the very act, committing adultery. And in the law, Moses commanded that such should be stoned. "(John 8:4,5). After Jesus instructed any of her accusers without sin to cast the first stone, they all left and Jesus asked her were her accusers were, "And she said, No one, Lord. And Jesus said to her, neither do I give judgment. Go and sin no more." (John 8:11),
Now, we are to police only ourselves, individually, by our knowledge of God's
word and by our conscience. We are to avoid judging others, for Jesus was given this
authority “And coming up Jesus talked with them, saying, All authority in heaven
and on earth was given to Me.” (Matthew 28:18) and all will be judged before He comes
again, "And behold, I am coming quickly, and My reward is with Me, to give to each
as his work is." (Revelation 22:12). The sentence for sin is still death, for the
souls not in the Book of Life and the sentences will be carried out after the 1000-
The laws are written for our study, our conscience is for a reminder of what we have learned and it is also a tool for Christ's spirit to speak to us when we drift off the correct path of God's commands. If we study them and come to understand God's way, His government, then they will be written in our hearts, as well as our heads, because we will comprehend their purpose and beauty and we will desire to keep them, loving their purpose, simply because they are just and pure. The laws are a blessing to us, protecting us from ourselves, while we are still under the influence of Satin. The deceiver is filled with joy when he hears people say that we don’t need to keep all of God’s laws, that they were nailed to the cross. Believing in this deception voids our responsibilities and ignores the fact that sin has its victims, usually someone other then the sinner, sin also has its consequences. Believing the laws were voided opens the gate to justifying any character variation that feeds our imagination. The unrepented transgressor of God's perfect system will not be allowed in His perfect kingdom, yet to come. The laws and commands that God has given us will be the standard, without a thought in God's perfect kingdom, to be established. For now, we must keep in mind that Satin is a master at making sin look attractive. Picking and choosing which laws to ignore is deadly, even as picking and choosing which parts of the Bible to believe or which can be ignored, this makes God's word incomplete and distorts its truth. Jesus pointed out through inspiration, that in committing one sin, you are guilty of them all, "For whoever shall keep all the law, but stumble in one, he has become guilty of all." (James 2:10). As it always was, sin is not allowed in God’s Kingdom and Satan personally understood this when he was exiled from Heaven. All who cherish and hold on to any sin will be destroyed at the end of the 1000 years, "And if anyone was not found having been written in the Scroll of Life, he was thrown into the Lake of Fire." (Revelation 20:15) along with Satan and the false prophets. Only those in the Book of Life will be welcome in God’s Kingdom. Jesus is our way home and His Book shows us the way. He is our protecting Savior, we cannot get home without Him, nor would we ever want to.